The Growth of Dublin

The Growth of Dublin

Dublin is a primate city, this means that it has more than twice the population of the next largest city in the state.

Throughout history Dublin had expanded significantly. This process is known as Urbanisation.

Most urban areas grow for a variety of reasons- Economic activities, Administration and social activites.

The Growth of Dublin

Viking times

Dublin began as a Viking settlement on the south side of the Liffey. This settlement was beside a dark pool in the river which gave the city its name- Dubh Linn. The Vikings named their settlement Dyflinn.

Norman times

Around 200 years later the Normans arrived. They took control of the city and it began to expand. Dublin Castle was built and it was surrounded by many narrow streets.

As the Normans had good trade links with England, Dublin grew as an important port.

Georgian times

During the 18th Century Dublin became very fashionable. Beautiful streets and squares were built (O Connell St., Merrion Sq.) Wealthy landlords built large townhouses (now called tenements) Trade grew in importance, canals were built, the port was developed and manufacturing thrived in the Liberties area with textiles and Guinness.

19th Century

Many suburbs grew, like Dalkey, Killiney and Dun Laoghaire as the inner city became run down. The grand Georgian buildings gave way to slums.

1900 onwards-

This is the time of most rapid growth. Became the main focus point for roads, air, rail and sea transport. Main manufacturing and administration centre. A lot of rural to urban migration.