This is towns and cities. There are many reasons why towns and cities develop at their locations. 

1.     Flat land          It is easy to build on flat land. It may be good farming land and people may have settled there in order to buy/sell vegetables etc.

2.     Where roads meet          Towns develop where many roads meet. This is where a lot of people would gather to buy/sell and meet up with each other.

3.     On a River           Most towns are built on rivers. Rivers would have been useful for water, food and transport. Towns are normally located at a low point of the river where it is easy to cross.

4.     At the coast           Some towns develop near the sea because of fishing (Killybegs) or Tourism (Bundoran)


Rural Settlement

Rural means Countryside. (The opposite is Urban, which means towns/cities)

 Settlement means where people live.

 There are FOUR factors that affect where people build houses in the country.

1.     Height. People rarely build up in the mountains. Too windy, no shelter, poor roads, feel cut off.

2.     Slope. If the land is too steep it is difficult to build on.


3.     Aspect. This is the direction that the sun shines. People will build where their house gets most sun.

4.   Drainage. People will not build where it is too wet. Eg. Too close to a river, the sea or at the bottom of a steep slope.

Settlement Patterns


There are three types of settlement patterns.


1.    DISPERSED (SCATTERED)This is when the houses are very far apart. Eg. Out in the country (farms), on high ground.


2.    NUCLEATED (CLUSTERED) This pattern is when there are many houses bunched together. Eg. at a cross roads.

3.    RIBBONED (LINEAR) This is when there are a row of houses built in a line along a road.

Choosing a location for a large building


1.     Beside a main road. (For Lorries coming in and out)

2.     Beside a large town (for workers, and a market to sell your product)

3.     On Flat land (easy to build on)

4.     Beside an Airport, Port or railway station (to transport your product)




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